“LAMLOD OZ” Working Group
Screenshot, The Colonial Frontiers Massacre Project, copyright the University of Newcastle https://c21ch.newcastle.edu.au/colonialmassacres/
We would like to thank Pelagios for sponsoring our working group, LAMLOD. This Working Group aims to increase collaboration and movement towards Linked Open Data and Pelagios related tools in the Digital Humanities.
We have three main aims
- To help Digital Humanities projects to find and develop and share tools and tutorials in Linked Open Data for Australian data.
- To learn best practice from current and developing Linked Open Data projects in Australia, especially those that cater towards non-conventional humanities data such as landscapes, cultural and historical assets such as 3D models and indigenous mapping ontologies.
- We hope to help share the news and wisdom learnt of these projects and to collaborate on ways these tools can be adapted to Australia’s unique cultural heritage and current needs. We aim to provide guidelines via a white paper published via UNESCO.
At Curtin University in Perth, Western Australia, we have commenced a UNESCO Chair in Cultural Heritage and Visualisation, with the primary task to help others develop 3D digital models of heritage sites and develop methods and protocols and recommendations to ensure they are used more appropriately and effectively by their community. Many of Australia’s world heritage sites are actually natural or natural and cultural sites, rather than purely cultural sites. Linked Open Data and gazetteers appeal to us because of their ability to link disparately sourced data and because of their potential to be reused in new ways, not to mention their ability to stay relevant even if individual data assets are updated.
There are also exciting digital humanities projects that have used or could use Linked Open Data and related tools and frameworks such as Pelagios and Recogito.
However, developing Australian-focused resources and projects could do with much more collaboration and development of tools and resources to help beginning LODers with local, national and regional collections and datasets (Mason and Brownlee 2016, Mason and Nisbet 2018, Missingham and Mason 2018).
Australian City Councils are very interested in how planning data, heritage collections, community memory, tourism information and business development plans can be incorporated and communicated to their shareholders. In the state of Victoria, Ballarat City has developed its own UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape project (http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/sh/heritage/historic-urban-landscape-approach.aspx) and Ballarat’s development of HUL has been seen as a world leader in this area at UNESCO (meeting, UNESCO Paris, November 2017)
However, there are also specific needs and skills (Kingsley et al. 2013, AIHW 2012), and VR, indigenous collections, and local datasets have specific challenges, so we proposed three main themes or goals, as you will see below.
Background Goals and Outcomes
Our main goals in convening this working group are to collaborate on ways of informing Australian researchers and collaborating where possible on regional and national infrastructure and training towards the integration of GIS, linked open data, cultural heritage aims and related media such as 3D models. We also hope to produce guidelines, workflows and a white paper via UNESCO to help wider dissemination of our goals, discoveries, projects and collaboration.
More specifically, this Australian working group is focused around three related goals
- Collaborative methods that will allow us to explore the usefulness and potential of Linked Open Data frameworks and tools such as Pelagios and Linked Open Data.
- Secondly, we will discuss finished and developing Linked Open Data projects and ways they are suitable for or need to be modified for non-conventional data such as landscapes and 3D models, and for new interfaces such as head-mounted displays and augmented reality-capable devices.
- Third, we will explore how current ontologies, conventions and frameworks may need to be modulated, reframed or revised in terms of how indigenous Australians have organized and communicated their cultural knowledge.
To that end we have organized an event on 27 July 2018, leveraging Pelagios workgroup funding to bring together seven West Australian and six interstate Digital Humanities/Linked Open Data and Semantic Web researchers, in Curtin University’s VR centre the HIVE.
A selection of related case studies that will be discussed on 27 July 2018 at Curtin University:
- “The Colonial Frontier Massacres Project is led by Prof. Lyndall Ryan and is based on a 3 year ARC grant and a lifetime of research” UoN have also recently made public their TextMapText prototype with two exemplars. They intend to create an easy to use system for people to upload a corpus of texts and *automatically* find and link places in it to a map and the map to the texts. The next phase: build a user interface for users to correct all the wrongly matched places and manually add their own, and so they are interested in Recogito.
- At the University of Canberra, Tim Sherratt has been exploring LODbooks “Experiments in developing online historical narratives that embed rich structured data about people, places, events and resources.” He will speak on “LOD for historians: enriching narratives with structured data.”
- Also at Canberra, but at the Australian National University (ANU), Katrina Grant is an art historian with a research focus on gardens and the history of landscapes but is also interested in developing collaborations around digital mapping projects in Australia: http://cass.anu.edu.au/research/people/dr-katrina-grant and “the Digital Cartographies of the Roman Campagna” project can be viewed here: http://cdhr.cass.anu.edu.au/research/projects/digital-cartographies-roman-campagna
- Terhi Nurmikko-Fuller, (https://researchers.anu.edu.au/researchers/nurmikko-fuller-t) at the Australian National University, Canberra is well known to the Linked Open Data community, and will help us examine LOD technologies across various projects.
- The HIVE at Curtin University has developed, with the West Australian State Library, a collection of historical panoramas of Perth that can take advantage of either normal screens or the HIVE specialist cylindrical screen http://www.historicalpanoramas.com.au/ and the HIVE is interested in developing automatic geolocation tools and exploring links to related datasets.
- Curtin PhD student Mafkereseb Bekele, with a background in combining spatiotemporal data with historical expeditions, is developing collaborative historical narratives with the Microsoft HoloLens, 3D models and projected maps. He is interested in exploring how Linked Open Data can combine with mixed reality projects.
- Curtin PhD student Ikrom Nishanbaev is exploring how Australian datasets of geographical information can be combined with 3D models and other forms of cultural heritage information.
- Dr David McMeekin is a Semantic Web researcher at Curtin University’s Collaborative Research Centre of Spatial Information
- Susan Fayad will discuss the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscapes project at Ballarat City (as discussed above). The speech is entitled “Transforming global heritage and city management practice – UNESCO’s Historic Urban Landscape pilot programme and Ballarat” and you can view the HUL website at http://www.hulballarat.org.au/
- Archaeologist Sven Ouzman, at the University of Western Australia, will present on mapping and also different ways of ‘seeing’, experiencing and representing the world. One of his Kimberley Visions PhD students is doing an archaeological and social GIS to try understand both environmental, social and technical aspects of past people’s dwelling and travel. Sven’s talk is entitled “The art of using maps to get lost: God’s eye views and pedestrian speech acts from Indigenous and archaeological contexts in Australia and southern Africa.” Indigenous rock art.
- Aboriginal artist and Associate Director of the Berndt Museum of UWA, Dr Vanessa Russ, has been invited to present and we are just waiting on final confirmation (hopefully by mid-June). See http://www.news.uwa.edu.au/201604088494/april-2016/history-and-future-berndt-museum “Dr Vanessa Russ, the Berndt Museum’s first Aboriginal Associate Director, certainly isn’t one to shy away from a challenge. With a collection that encompasses more than 11,500 objects and 35,000 photographs, the museum’s archives also represent an amazing asset in itself, making the Berndt the envy of other universities… [She noted] ‘We have ten years’ worth of archiving to be completed, which is a massive job, but we will literally be unpacking Aboriginal history. The more we learn about yesterday the more we can pass on to tomorrow.””
- Conal Tuohy is both a GLAM developer and proponent of Linked Open Data, he presented on LOD in 2016 at Curtin, but has more recently been working on the National Museum of Australia Collections API, and will provide an overview of its use of RDF and SPARQL. URL: https://github.com/Conal-Tuohy/NMA-API/wiki
We would especially like to thank Rainer Simon for graciously agreeing to teleconference in to help provide an overview of Pelagios/Recogito.
We would also invite anyone in Australia or further afield who is interested to join our working group. We will use a Pelagios Commons forum for discussion and will investigate online repositories for any tools and projects developed. 27 July 2018, we will have a will have a face-to-face meeting at Curtin University, Perth Australia.
Tickets and information for our first event, “Landscape Data Art & Models as Linked Open Data” on 27 July 2018, is at: https://www.eventbrite.com.au/e/landscape-data-art-models-as-linked-open-data-tickets-46752433788 We also plan to run a workshop at the Library Makerspace the day before, on Pelagios, Recogito, and Linked Open Data.
- 2012. “National best practice guidelines for data linkage activities relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: 2012.”
- Bekele, M. K., de By, R., & Singh, G. (2016). Spatiotemporal Information Extraction from a Historic Expedition Gazetteer. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 5(12), 221.
- Champion, E. M. (2016). Digital humanities is text heavy, visualization light, and simulation poor. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, 32(suppl_1), 25-32.
- Kingsley, Jonathan, Mardie Townsend, Claire Henderson-Wilson, and Bruce Bolam. 2013. “Developing an Exploratory Framework Linking Australian Aboriginal Peoples’ Connection to Country and Concepts of Wellbeing.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10 (2):678-698. doi: 10.3390/ijerph10020678.
- Mason, I., & Brownlee, R. (2016). Linked Open Data and Australia’s GLAMs. Paper presented at the VALA 2016 conference, Melbourne. https://www.vala.org.au/direct-download/vala2016-proceedings/vala2016-slides/768-vala2016-session-8-mason-slides/file
- Mason, Ingrid, and Sarah Nisbet. 2018. “360-degree model for archival data sharing: humanities and GLAM interoperability.” VALA2018, the 20th Biennial Conference, Melbourne.
- Missingham, R., & Mason, I. (2018). Cinderella Collections come to the digital humanities ball. Paper presented at the VALA 2018, Melbourne. https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/139607
- Simon, R., Barker, E., Isaksen, L., & De Soto Cañamares, P. (2017). Linked Data Annotation Without the Pointy Brackets: Introducing Recogito 2. Journal of Map & Geography Libraries, 13(1), 111-132. doi:10.1080/15420353.2017.1307303.